Piedmont is a fourth-class city located in northwestern Wayne County in Southeast Missouri, United States. The population was 1,977 at the 2010 census. A part of the Ozark Foothills Region, Piedmont is located at the convergence of State Highways 34 and 49. Piedmont, transliterated as “foot of the mountain,” is named for its geographic placement at the foot of Clark Mountain, a 1424-foot summit approximately two miles north of the town.
Piedmont is located at 37°9′0″N 90°41′45″W / 37.15000°N 90.69583°W / 37.15000; -90.69583.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.15 square miles (5.57 km), of which 2.14 square miles (5.54 km) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km) is water.
Piedmont includes the neighborhood of Beckville.
Nearby Clearwater Lake, a flood-control lake that was constructed in the 1940s and managed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, brings substantial seasonal tourism to Piedmont for boating, fishing, and camping.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,977 people, 823 households, and 500 families residing in the city. The population density was 923.8 inhabitants per square mile (356.7/km). There were 993 housing units at an average density of 464.0 per square mile (179.2/km). The racial makeup of the city was 96.5% White, 0.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.
There were 823 households of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.2% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.90.
The median age in the city was 42.9 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.3% were from 25 to 44; 26% were from 45 to 64; and 21.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.1% male and 53.9% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,992 people, 869 households, and 528 families residing in the city. The population density was 955.5 people per square mile (369.8/km²). There were 959 housing units at an average density of 460.0 per square mile (178.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.09% White, 0.16% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.20% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.60% of the population. Among the major first ancestries reported in Piedmont were 21.4% American, 11.6% German, 11.3% Irish, 8.6% English, 3.7% Dutch, and 2.5% French.
There were 869 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.79.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 25.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 85.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $24,678, and the median income for a family was $23,500. Males had a median income of $27,120 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,976. About 24.3% of families and 26.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.7% of those under age 18 and 16.6% of those age 65 or over.