Richland is a city in Camden, Laclede, and Pulaski counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. The population was 1,863 at the 2010 census.
Richland is on the western border of Pulaski County and extends into the southeast corner of Camden County and the northeast corner of Laclede County. The town sits on a ridge two miles north of the Gasconade River.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.29 square miles (5.93 km), of which 2.27 square miles (5.88 km) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,863 people, 804 households, and 482 families residing in the city. The population density was 820.7 inhabitants per square mile (316.9/km). There were 926 housing units at an average density of 407.9 per square mile (157.5/km). The racial makeup of the city was 94.1% White, 1.1% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.
There were 804 households of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.0% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.90.
The median age in the city was 39.6 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.8% were from 25 to 44; 25.6% were from 45 to 64; and 18.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,805 people, 806 households, and 490 families residing in the city. The population density was 795.7 people per square mile (307.0/km²). There were 932 housing units at an average density of 410.8 per square mile (158.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.34% White, 0.17% African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 1.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.55% of the population.
There were 806 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.81.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $22,821, and the median income for a family was $30,583. Males had a median income of $25,781 versus $18,527 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,209. About 17.5% of families and 23.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.6% of those under age 18 and 20.9% of those age 65 or over.